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HANS, INEKE

 

She graduated from the Academy of Arts in 1991 and from the Royal College of Art in London in 1995 and works since 1998 under the name INEKEHANS/ARNHEM designs products and environments. She is known for "Ordinary Furniture" from recycled plastic and her black childrens collection as well as black porcelain. In 2003 she published a book "Black Bazar - design dilemmas"

 

HARING, KEITH

 

Keith Haring was born on May 4, 1958 in Reading, Pennsylvania, and grew up in nearby Kutztown as the eldest of the 4 children of Joan and Allen Haring.

From a young age on he showed an artistic talent and his father taught him basic cartooning skills. Although he never pushed his son to an art career, Keith wanted to become a cartoonist and illustrator. He also became influenced by popular culture around him, such as Dr. Seuss and Walt Disney.

After graduating from high school in 1976, he attended the Commercial School of Art in Pittsburgh. There he studied works by artists such as Klee, Dubuffet, Tobey and Pollock and learned to draw abstractly. After 6 months Haring left the school because he had little interest in becoming a commercial graphic artist and felt he did not fit in there. Already now he had his first exhibition of abstract drawings in the Pittsburgh Centre for the Arts ".

At the age of 20 after, having seen a retrospective of Pierre Alechinski in 1977, he moved to New York to enrol and study at the Visual School of Art for two years. In New York, Haring found a thriving alternative art community that was developing outside the gallery and museum system, in the downtown streets, the subways and spaces in clubs and former dance halls. Here he became friends with fellow artists Kenny Scharf and Jean-Michel Basquiat, as well as the musicians, performance artists and graffiti writers that comprised the burgeoning art community. Haring was swept up in the energy and spirit of this scene and began to organize and participate in exhibitions and performances at Club 57 and other alternative venues. At this time he also created his famous New York Subway drawings, which he drow with chalk onto unused advertising panels covered with matte black paper in subway stations. While working, he is often addressed by passers-by and asked for an interpretation of his works. Already here one can see in his work his attachment to the people. 

Keith took a stand-in job in the "Gallery Tony Shafrazi". Then and there Tony Shafrazi saw randomly left drawings of Haring and was so excited that he asked him to bring more. Although Haring exhibited here later, at the time he ddid not oblige to the request of the gallery owner as he said he was "not looking for luxury".

During this period, he also got to know William Burrough's work and then studied the science of signs and symbols, which also occupied a large place in his work.

From about 1980, Haring no longer only drew on paper, but on all sorts of materials. Now he worked with only one intention in mind: the human being. This was also show by the fact that he didn’t give titles to most of his work. He said that art lives by man. His work had a lot to do with reality.

 

He befriended among others Andy Warhol, the graffiti artist LA II (whose real name is Angel Oritz, Haring worked closely with him, the two later shared exhibitions), singer Grace Jones (with her he realized some of his body painting projects and worked on one of her video clips), Madonna (a big fan of him) and William Burrough (with whom he should also exhibit in 1989).

 

During this time, Keith Haring got involved in many activities. For example, he had 20,000 posters printed for free at an anti-nuclear demonstration in New York's Central Park. He also ran several painting workshops for children.

 

At this stage Haring received multiple commissions as his art was by now not only internationally recognized but is also spearheading the "trend". Some examples of projects realized by him during this time are designs for the Montreux Jazz Festival, his first Body Painting in London, the production of a commercial for a department store, murals all over the world, the design of four watches for "Swatch USA" and several sets for the "Academy of Music" in New York and the "Ballet National de Marseille".

 

In addition to his projects, he also had many solo and group exhibitions around the world. One can say that he established two parallel careers: subway art and museum art.

 

 

Around 1985, Keith Haring became HIV positive. For him as homosexual, it is hard to understand that substances like blood, love, sperm - which always meant "life" to him - were now linked to a deadly disease. When he learned of his illness, he did not take a break, instead he exploits the last few years of his short life artistically. He himself once said: "Every day is important, the only good thing about such a disease is that you finally have to worry about what you should do in your short life, and that you are wondering why you are actually in the world. "

 

By now he stopped to make Subway drawings as his commissions used him to the full.

 

In 1986, he opened the first "Pop Shop," a store that sold Keith Haring products and merchandise in New York. Two years later, he also established a branch in Tokyo. In 1989 he started the "Keith Haring Foundation" after having launched a "Warning about AIDS" campaign, which was mainly supported by large companies.

 

The change in his life is also noticeable in his art. He processed the topic "AIDS" in a number of paintings and series of pictures. Furthermore, Haring worked in this late creative period on many commissions. These included a joint billboard project with Jenny Holzer, a 107-meter-long mural on the Berlin Wall, further children's workshops, murals in schools created together with the children and other sets and costume designs.

 

On February 16, 1990 Keith Haring died of AIDS in the circle of his friends. It was his wish that he should not be mourned but celebrated. There were even party utensils provided.

 

His more than 100 exhibitions (solo or in group exhibitions) were mainly in New York, but - just like his projects - in many other international cities such like Tokyo, London, Paris, Milan, Munich, Helsinki, Antwerp, Berlin, Budapest, Basel, Madrid and Turin.

 

Although Keith Haring dedicated his life entirely to art, he not only managed to establish a new style, but also to make himself a part of the trend-setting high society beyond the role of the artist. Thus, he found himself on an equal footing with other celebrities of his time and his works still stands for contemporary art today.